Issues of the Journal of UFO Studies New Series
- "Hypnosis and UFO abductions: A troubled relationship," by Thomas E. Bullard
- "The Delphos case: Soil analysis and appraisal of a CE-2 report," by Erol A. Faruk
- "Science and the extraterrestrial hypothesis in ufology," by Michael D. Swords
- "Issues forum" on UFO abductions, with contributions by Robert A. Baker, Peter M. Rojcewicz, Stuart Appelle, Don C. Donderi, Hilary Evans, Jean Mundy, Robert A. Baker, Michael D. Swords, Richard F. Haines
- Book reviews on: UFOs 1947-1987: The 40-year search for an explanation; The spectrum of UFO research
- "Post-traumatic stress disorder and reported UFO abductions," by John P. Wilson
- "A review of Australian ufology," by Keith Basterfield, and others
- "Personalities of UFO experiencers," by June O. Parnell and R. Leo Sprinkle
- "The Omega Project: A psychological survey of persons reporting abductions and UFO encounters," by Kenneth Ring and Christopher J. Rosing
- "Issues forum" on tectonic stress theory, with contributions by Paul Devereux, Michael A. Persinger, Michael Grosso, David M. Jacobs, Chris A. Rutkowski, Michael D. Swords
- Book reviews on: UFOs in the 1980s; Earth lights revelation
- "Folkloric dimensions of the UFO phenomenon," Thomas E. Bullard
- "Psychosocial characteristics of abductees: Results from the CUFOS abduction project," by Mark Rodeghier, Jeff Goodpaster, and Sandra Blatterbauer
- "Double abduction case: Correlation of hypnosis data," by John S. Carpenter
- "Research note: Delphos, Kansas, soil analysis," compiled by Michael D. Swords
- Book review on: The report on unidentified flying objects
- "Analysis of alleged fragments from an exploding UFO near Ubatuba, Brazil," with contributions by Michael D. Swords, Walter W. Walker, and Robert W. Johnson
- "How children portray UFOs," by Linda Kerth and Richard F. Haines
- "Astronomers, the extraterrestrial hypothesis, and the United States Air Force at the beginning of the modern UFO phenomenon," by Michael D. Swords
- "The prevalence of abductions: A critical look," by Robert L. Hall, Mark Rodeghier, and Donald A. Johnson
- "Suggested techniques for hypnosis and therapy of abductees," by David M. Jacobs and Budd Hopkins
- Book reviews on: They call it hypnosis; Hidden memories; The emergence of a phenomenon; Secret life; Angels and aliens; Anomalous experiences and trauma
- "The Falcon Lake case: Too close an encounter," by Chris Rutkowski
- "Thematic content analyses of the reports of UFO abductees and close encounter witnesses: Indications of repressed sexual abuse," by Susan Marie Powers
- "Ethics Code for Abduction Experience Investigation and Treatment," by the Abduction Study Conference Ethics Committee
- "An assessment of the crop circle phenomenon," by Joachim P. Kuettner
- "Historical links between the occult and flying saucers," by David W. Stupple
- "Further quantification of distance-related effects in the Trans-en-Provence case," by Michel Bounias
- Book review on: Demons, doctors, and aliens
- Literature reviews on SETI/ETI and UFOs, and crop circles, by Michael D. Swords
- "Psychotherapy for the UFO abduction experience," by David A. Gotlib
The author presents a strategy for counseling and psychotherapy for the UFO abduction experience. The importance of a global approach to the client is emphasized, particularly with respect to diagnosis of causative or comorbid medical or psychiatric illness, and identification of underlying emotional trauma. While this approach assumes no particular theory of causality, there is value in addressing themes in clients' lives that are reflected in abduction narratives. The role of cognitive style (abstract vs. concrete thinking) is suggested as a possible key characteristic determining how an individual copes with the abduction experience.
- "The abduction experience: A critical evaluation of theory and evidence," by Stuart Appelle
Prevalent hypotheses regarding the etiology of the abduction experience are examined, especially in regard to the existing evidence. Deception, suggestibility (fantasy-proneness, hypnotizability, false-memory syndrome), personality, sleep phenomena, psychopathology, psychodynamics, environmental factors, and event-level alien encounters are each considered as origins of the abduction experience. The data are discussed in terms of what is and is not consistent with theory, the concept of parsimony, and the need for converging lines of evidence in establishing linkages between fact and theory. On the basis of this analysis, it is argued that no theory yet enjoys enough empirical support to be accepted as a general explanation for the abduction experience. The concept of the abduction experience as a multicausal phenomenon is discussed, and suggestions for future research are provided.
- "Anomalous images on videotape from Space Shutle Flight STS-48: Examination of the ice-particle explanation," by Jack Kasher
- "The University of Colorado UFO project: The "Scientific Study of UFOs," by Michael D. Swords
- "A reference guide for the Condon Report," by Willy Smith
- "Donald E. Keyhoe and the Pentagon: The rise of interest in the UFO phenomenon and what the government really knew," by Michael D. Swords
- "Fewer sightings in the national press: A content analysis of UFO news coverage in The New York Times, 1947-1995," by John C. Hickman, E. Dale McConkey II, and Matthew A. Barrett
- Book reviews on: Alien discussion: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference held at MIT; Close encounters of the fourth kind; Encounter at Buff Ledge; The gods have landed; Watch the skies!
On September 15, 1991, one of Space Shuttle Discovery's TV cameras captured several anomalous, glowing objects that floated along and then sharply changed direction, apparently in response to a flash in the lower left portion of the picture. The x and y coordinates of several of the objects have been obtained, frame by frame in 1/30-second intervals, from a 640 by 480 grid imposed on a videotape of the events. Numerical derivatives were taken for two of the objects, yielding their velocity curves. The data have been analyzed to determine whether the objects' motions are consistent with ice particles accelerated by the exhaust from one of the Shuttle's vernier attitude-adjustor rockets. The analysis leads to five separate proofs that the objects were not ice particles, and therefore were objects out in space away from the Shuttle.
Because of its unique place in UFO studies, the 1967-68 Air Force-sponsored "Scientific Study of UFOs" is claimed by many academics to have been a definitive statement about the UFO phenomenon. This article examines the origins, personnel, methodological debates, activities, problems, and results of the project. The key questions of intellectual prejudice and the coherence of results to conclusions are raised. The answers indicate a chapter in the history of science more subjective and embarrassing than scientific.
A comprehensive identification of the cases discussed in the Condon Report is provided, including dates, places, and evaluation. Each one of the incidents has been analyzed following the criteria of the UNICAT Project and has been incorporated into either the UNICAT (U) or the MAYBECAT (M) databases.
Suspicion that the tone of UFO news coverage is biased is common among both ufologists and critics of ufology. Unfortunately, published empirical research on the tone of news coverage is rare. This paper reports findings from a systematic content analysis of UFO news events covered by The New York Times from 1947 to 1995. Our multivariate regression analysis reveals that the tone of coverage is significantly dependent on the story frame, article length, and year of publication. Whether the news event is given an episodic or systematic story frame exercises the strongest effect on coverage tone.
- "Geophysical parameters and UFO sighting frequencies," by Edward J. Zeller and Gisela Dreschhoff
- "A search for possible causal associations between UFOs and perturbations in recorded geophysical data," by Joseph S. Accetta
- "Project Sign and the Estimate of the Situation," Michael D. Swords
- "Evaluation degrees of anxiety and perceptions in a group of abduction experiencers," by S. Peter Resta
- Abductions under fire: a review of recent abduction literature," by Thomas E. Bullard
- Book reviews on The Biological Universe: The Twsentieth-Century Extraterrestrial Life Debate and the Limits of Science, At the Threshold: UFOs, Science, and the New Age, and The Cash-Landrum UFO Incident.
Reports of UFO sightings were assembled into a database spanning many decades of this century. These data have been subjected to a comparative study with geophysical parameters. The parameters encompass the high-energy components of the radiation reaching earth, such as galactic cosmic rays. This study is based on the assumption that UFOs spend substantial periods of time at altitudes where the radiation shielding of the atmosphere is diminished. However, when solar-modulated galactic cosmic rays reach the near-earth environment, UFOs may appear deeper within the atmosphere, and so sighting frequencies are increased. A modest but significant correlation is found between sighting frequencies and cosmic ray intensity, suggesting that further statistical investigations are warranted.
This paper presents the results of an extensive search for perturbations in recorded geophysical data in time coincidence with 73 high-quality UFO reports. The data searched include solar, ionospheric, and geomagnetic recordings routinely archived at the World Data Center in Boulder, Colorado. No absolutely consistent trends are found; however, several possible associations are noted, especially with the sporadic E layer in the ionosphere.
Upon becoming aware of the explosion of reports of anomalous aerial phenomena over the U.S. in the summer of 1947, the U.S. Air Force became alarmed and instituted emergency studies of the "flying disks." Quickly this task was delegated to Wright-Patterson AFB’s intelligence division, and in January 1948 became a formal project, Sign. This paper details the history of Project Sign and the Estimate the project produced suggesting that the extraterrestrial (spacecraft) hypothesis (ETH) was the best explanation for the phenomenon. The Pentagon wouldn’t accept this, and their refusal led to a major debate on the ETH, which resulted in the ultimate breakup of the Project Sign team. The early confrontation set the tone for USAF behavior toward UFOs for the next two years, and with the exception of Capt. Edward Ruppelt’s era, until the cessation of the formal USAF project in 1969.
Twenty-self identified alien-experiencer subjects were administered a form of the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale and a questionnaire on various perceptions associated with their abduction experience(s). Experiencers evinced significantly greater degrees of anxiety based on normative data in the test and also demonstrated significantly greater anxiety than a control group. Results were interpreted to offer support to studies that find anxiety-related problems in abductees. Experiencers were also questioned about such perceptual matters as whether or not they felt special to have been chosen for abduction by either benevolent or malevolent entities, and if the experience was seen as tantamount to rape. Responses suggested ambivalence regarding such appraisals.
- "The Implant Motif IN UFO ABDUCTION LITERATURE," by Keith Basterfield
- "New Analysis of Soil Samples From the Delphos UFO Case," by Phyllis A. Budinger
- "False Memories and UFO Abductions," by Thomas E. Bullard
- "Analysis of Photograph of A High-Speed Ball of Light," by Richard F. Haines
- High-resolution color versions of figures in Haines' article
The recurring theme of implants in UFO abduction lore is examined. A comprehensive survey of English-language UFO literature uncovered 84 such accounts. This article reviews the views and comments on this topic by UFO researchers, and undertakes an analysis of the limited data available. Suggestions for future research are provided.
Many analyses have been performed on soil exposed to a purported UFO release in Delphos, Kansas, which occurred in late 1971. Beginning in 1999, a new set of data from numerous analytical tests was generated using state-of-the-art equipment. The goal of this analysis was to determine the molecular composition of the material released by the UFO. Solid and conclusive data presented in this paper accomplished this identification to the extent that the chemical composition of the release is at minimum 95% characterized. The issue of release degradation over the years is certainly debatable and probably not resolvable. However, this analyst believes that it did not suffer major degradation because past analytical data from the ring soils compare favorably to those tests that were repeated in the current analysis.
Most psychological research identifies abduction experiencers as mentally normal people, yet mainstream psychologists typically dismiss abduction accounts as false memories of impossible events. This conclusion grows out of a heated 20-year controversy over recovered memories of child sexual abuse and satanic ritual abuse, where proponents argue that the mind represses memories of events too terrible to recall, while opponents see fantasies created by the suggestions of therapists. A review of the recovered memory debate and research findings about the malleable, reconstructive nature of memory enable the ufologist to understand that abductions—and investigative methods used to recover them—really are similar in many respects to memories of abuse and their recovery. A verdict is inescapable that true and false memories are indistinguishable by content alone. Some people readily create memories for an imagined event or even a fictitious life history, and charge those memories with full emotional conviction. Yet the apparent close parallels between memories of abduction and recovered memories of abuse diverge when alleged abuse survivors manifest psychological abnormalities that abduction experiencers do not share. Elaborate accounts of satanic rituals also fail to exhibit the consistency of unexpected content and sequence that characterizes abduction reports. Although there is no denying the human capacity to create false memories of abduction, some differences suggest that recovered memories of abuse originate in the false memory process while abduction memories remain independent of it.
This pilot sighting report and color photograph of an unidentified aerial phenomenon (UAP) called for a number of different forensic methods including photoanalysis, aircraft-window study, camera-lens-film analyses, and evaluation of reporter credibility. The single-frame, Kodak color, copy negative was submitted for examination by one of the several eyewitnesses. This paper describes the results of these analyses, from which several conclusions can be made. Whatever the UAP was, it was probably in subsonic flight. If the UAP was traveling at subsonic speed, the estimated total sighting duration and/or its estimated distance from the witness are clearly in error by a factor of two or more. No evidence of a hoax or double exposure was found, nor were any bolides, meteorites, or other unidentified aerial phenomena reported for that time and place. The luminance of the main body of the object and immediately adjacent tail area were so high they fully saturated (exposed) the relatively slow film. This may explain why the photograph does not correspond closely to what was seen. The film’s optical density, as measured along the length of the white tail behind the UAP, changed in a peculiar fashion and is not characteristic of reflected sunlight off water-droplet vapor. Interesting microdetails were discovered that suggest the possibility of some type of energy emissions extending from the UAP but not necessarily in the direction of its flight. The nature of the UAP and constitution of its atmospheric trail remains unknown at this time
- "A Report on the Demographics and Beliefs of Alien Abduction Experiencers," by Stephanne Kelley-Romano
- "The Effect of the Label "UFO"on Memory for Ambiguous Pictorical Stimuli," by J. Steiner and Anthony L. Jinks
- "An Analysis of Multiple UAP Photo Images (May 23, 1971, Austrian Alps)," by Richard L. Hames
- "Examination of the Trajectories of Anomalous Objects Imaged during the SIS-48 Space Shuttle Mission," by Lan D. Fleming
- "Angel Hair Physical Analyses A Review," by Brian Boldman
- "Analysis of Angel Hair Samples," by Phyllis Budinger
- "Life's Solution," by Simon Conway Morris; Book Review by Michael D. Swords
- "Voice stress analysis in UFO witnesses," by Richard F. Haines
- "Hypnosis of imaginary UFO abductees," by Alvin H. Lawson
- "Assessing belief in extraterrestrial life: The BEXTL scale," by Paul J. Lavrakas and Dennis P. Rosenbaum
- "Angel's hair revisited," by Joseph S. Accetta
- "The effect of conscious and unconscious attitudes about UFO evidence on scientific acceptance of the extraterrestrial hypothesis," by Don C. Donderi
- "A structured approach to the analysis of non-physical UFO evidence," by Donald A. Johnson
- "1897: The airship in Illinois," by Robert G. Neeley, Jr.
- "Scientific investigation of unidentified flying objects: Part one," by Bruce Maccabee
- Selection of papers presented at a symposium on "Using hypnotic procedures in the investigation of UFO experiences," American Psychological Association, Toronto, August 28, 1978: James A. Harder, William C. McCall, R. Leo Sprinkle
- "UFOs: The nature of the scientific problem," by Peter Wadhams
- "Who believes in UFOs?" by David Swift
- "UFO fingerprints: A fourth dimension," by Richard Hall
- "UFO odors and origins," by Thomas M. Olson
- "Flying saucers and multiple realities: A case study in phenomenological theory," by David Stupple and Abdollah Dashti
- "Getting to the bottom of the saucer problem," by Peter Kor
- "Retrospective instrumentation for analysis of physical traces of UFOs," by Durk Pearson
- "Belief in extraterrestrial life: A challenge to Christian doctrine and fudamentalists?" by Dennis P. Rosenbaum, Richard A. Maier, and Paul J. Lavrakas
- "The humanoids in Argentina," by Roberto Enrique Banchs and Richard W. Heiden
- "A search for possible causal associations between UFOs and perturbations in recorded geophysical data," by Joseph S. Accetta
- "The Petrozavodsk phenomenon," by Dale P. Cruikshank and David W. Swift
- "Implications of and comments on Observations of anomalous atmospheric phenomena in the U.S.S.R.: A statistical analysis," by J. Allen Hynek and Richard F. Haines
- "The effects of position and distance in UFO ignition-interference cases," by Donald A. Johnson
- "Relativistic limits to relativistic travel," by David Finkelstein
- "Results of sound spectrum analysis of the metallic noises of a tape-recorded radio transmission between Cessna VH:DSJ and the Flight Service of Melbourne, Australia," by Richard F. Haines
- "Scientific investigation of unidentified flying objects: Part two," by Bruce Maccabee
- "Percipient studies," by Mark Moravec
- "Dimensional concepts in relation to UFOs, bigfoot, and the Loch Ness monster," by Jon Beckjord
- "Scientists' selection of new research topics: UFOs vs. SETI," by David W. Swift
- Steven J. Dick, ed. Many Worlds: The New Universe, Extraterrestrial Life, and the Theological Implications. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press, 2000. 217p.
- David Lamb. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence: A Philosophical Inquiry. New York: Routledge, 2001. 210p.
- Allen Tough, ed. When SETI Succeeds: The Impact of High-Information Contact. Bellevue, Wash.: Foundation for the Future, 2000. 182p.
- David M. Jacobs, ed. UFOs and Abductions: Challenging the Borders of Knowledge. University Press of Kansas, 2000. 382p.